Lu Ban (鲁班,Lǔ Bān) (507 B.C. - 440 B.C) was a Chinese carpenter, engineer, philosopher, inventor, military thinker, statesman and contemporary of Mozi, born in the State of Lu, and is the patron Saint of Chinese builders and contractors.
He was born in a renowned family during the Spring and Autumn Period when China was suffering from the chaos of civic wars between kingdoms.
Lu Ban was supposed to be a consummate carpenter in ancient times. It is said that he once carved a wooden phoenix that was so lifelike that it actually flew in the sky for three days. Thus it was considered the height of folly to show off one's skill with an axe in front of Lu Ban.